Rarest Stones Used in Jewelry

Did you know that there are rare stones that are only mined once in a while? These are the types of rocks you want to be thrown at you. Let’s take a look at the world’s rarest jewelry stones.

Red Diamond
It’s so rare that most of the few that were found in Australia, Africa and Brazil were less than half a carat. Red diamonds are made from pure carbon like their colorless counterparts, but the atomic structure is different.

Taaffeite
Named after the gemologist ECR Taaffe, it was so rare that the gem had been mistaken for another precious stone, spinel, for a long time. Taaffeite comes in various colors including the colorless variety.

Grandidierite
It is so rare that it’s difficult to find and wasn’t discovered until 1902. Its name is taken from the explorer of Madagascar, Alfred Grandidier. It is found only in Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Malawi and Namibia.

Serendibite
The gemstone was first discovered in Sri Lanka in 1902, hence its name. Serendibite can be black, blue, brown or green in color. The largest stone ever found weighed only .56 carats.

Alexandrite
This beautiful piece has a different color during the day and will change when it’s nighttime. It was named after Czar Alexander II and was discovered in 1830. This gem can only be found in Sri Lanka, Brazil and East Africa.

Red Beryl
This type of beryl has manganese which gave it its reddish or pinkish color. It was found only in two locations, Utah, USA and Mexico. Most of the stones found are too small to cut or fashion into jewelry.

Musgravite
Musgravite was discovered in 1967 in Musgrave Ranges in Australia. Found only in a few locations in the world, it sells for at least USD35,000 per carat.

Jeremejevite
This gemstone is named after Pawel Wladimirowich Jeremejew. The first stone was found in Russia and was described as hard and not brittle.

Poudretteite
Named after the Poudrette family in Canada, it was not considered a unique gemstone until recently. The largest poudretteite was donated to the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in 2007.

Black Opal
The black opal has carbon and iron oxide which make the other colors in the stone stand out. Most of the black opals you will find in the market were found in Australia.

Benitoite
Benitoite was first found in 1907 in California, the only place where this stone can be found. It also has one of the rarest crystal structures in the world.

Jadeite
Jadeite is just one of two types of pure jade. It was used thousands of years ago to create weapons. They are known for their toughness and the various colors besides green. In fact, the purest jadeite should be white and not green.

Painite
This is so rare that it’s often mistaken as a garnet or ruby. It’s considered by most to be the rarest because there are no known cut stones in existence.

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